Klein bottle
Model 931

Category: 
Description
Klein bottle
Additions
The Klein bottle is a surface with only one face. It is nonorientable, i.e. one cannot distinguish between inside and outside.
Topologically, it can be obtained by first glueing a unit square to a tube and then identifying both ends of the tube after reversing the orientation. In order to realize the Klein bottle in threedimensional space, it needs to selfintersect, whereas it can be embedded into fourdimensional space.
The Klein bottle was first described in 1882 by Felix Klein as "Kleinsche Fläche" (Klein surface), and only later obtained its present name due to translation mistakes.
Showcase of this model is Case number 28
References
Hilbert, D.; CohnVossen(1932). Anschauliche Geometrie, SpringerVerlag, Berlin, p. 271 f.. Online version